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 1. 考研英语作文

2. 考研英语作文范文

考研英语作文范文

  写作能力不是突击几天就可获得的,写出一篇优秀的作文需要一个循序渐进的过程,除了掌握英文写作的一般知识外,大家平时应该多读、多练,不仅要在提高自己的英文语言方面下工夫,而且对一些社会热点问题要多思考以形成自己的见解,在考试时可以从“大脑的信息库”提取“观点”,而不至于无话可说。下面给出一些优秀的作文,作文形式基本上是四级的常见题型,供大家欣赏和借鉴。

范文1    "Good Health"
1.身体健康的重要性。 2.保持健康的途径。 3.我自己的实践。
              Good   Health
  The desire for good health is universal. In our competitive society it is important to maintain good health. On the one hand, people with good health can do work with full confidence and their progress in work in turn contributes to their health and happiness. On the other hand, a sick person is usually not interested in everything around him and therefore he loses many opportunities to become successful.
  There are many ways to keep it. First, those who are always on the go from morning till night should find time to relax because too much stress will affect their health. Second, enough time should be left for sleep because that will help one become rested and refreshed. Finally, regular physical exercises benefit one's health a lot. So one should always keep in mind that a certain amount of exercise is not a waste of time.
  As for me, I like playing tennis in the morning. I also attach much importance to enough sleep and relaxation. I believe this will ensure my good health for the rest of my life.

<评析> 这篇文章语句通顺,语言流畅,句式变化多样,用词面比较宽。就内容来说,则很切题,包括了提纲中的所有要点。第一段的第二句即主题句是从提纲发展而来的,第二段的首句,即主题句也是由提纲中的第二点发展而来。

范文2              Hope      Project

   Education plays a very important role in the modernization of our country. However, because of historical factors, there are still a lot of people in China who are undereducated, especially among youngsters in rural areas. They cannot afford the expenses of schooling and need help. At the same time, China is not able to invest too much money in the matter at present time. It is in this particular situation that the authorities carry out the "Hope Project ".
   This project is necessary to our country. It is an urgent measure that the government has taken. In the first place, this project will provide conditions for the youngsters to go back to school, which will contribute to their future success. Thus it will lead to the enhancement of the intelligence level in our country. Secondly, education makes it possible for people to acquire knowledge, which is useful to their future work. Hence, this Project benefits the modernization of our country a lot. Finally, it can make more people educated. Therefore, it may indirectly result in the increase of the living standards of our people.
   In my opinion, this project is of great importance to our country at the present time. And it also will have a profound effect on the future achievements of our country. I suggest that more work be done so that every child in the countryside can receive elementary education.

<评析> 次序词的使用不仅限于first, second, third,本文第二段使用了in the first place, secondly, finally列举原因,说明希望工程为什么对我国很必需,条理清晰,层次分明

范文3             Modernizing    China

   Modernization will bring a number of benefits to the people of China. Advancements in science and technology will result in better industrial and consumer products. New roads, trucks and trains will improve transportation for both people and goods. With new health care methods people will live happier and longer.
   However, modernization also gives rise to a number of new problems. Pollution of the air, ground, and water has become a serious problem in many parts of China. An increase in vehicles on the roads has also resulted in more traffic accidents, injuries and deaths.
   We can, however, deal with these problems if we are careful. We can train many environmental scientists who can help factories operate cleanly. We can pass new laws to regulate our traffic more safely. Finally, we must expand our education system to prepare better educated people for tomorrow.
<评析> 本文是段与段之间使用过渡句较好的例子。文章第一段说现代化给中国人民带来许多益处,第二段一开始就由however引出过渡句,指出现代化也同样带来新的问题。第三段段首的过渡句则用一个however巧妙地过渡到如何解决这些问题。过渡句的使用既表达了各段之间语义上的转折,又使文章各段衔接自然。

范文4           Population   Control

  Progress in science and the improvement of living conditions have led to the rapid growth of the world population. Modern medicine, for example, has made it possible for babies to grow up healthily and for people to live longer. With improved living conditions, particularly in the countryside, people tend to have larger families. As a result, the world population has increased so rapidly that it has now exceeded 6 billion.
  But the overgrowth of population presents a threat to the existence of human society. A large population demands a great deal of food supply and shelter space. However, limited productivity and scarce world resources can hardly meet the needs of the ever-increasing population. Thus, in the long run, the overgrowth of the world population will only harm mankind.
  To guarantee the steady development of human society, mankind must realize the consequences resulting from fast population growth and carry out a family planning programme. Only by adopting effective measures, can human society develop steadily and have a bright future.
<评析> 本文把各个段落巧妙连接的方法是利用转折关系:文章第一段说:科学的发展和生活条件的改善使世界人口出现了迅速增长。第二段却一转,说道:人口的过分增长威胁了人类社会生存,第二段段首句引出的问题,是第一段讨论内容的又一方面。最后一段提出解决办法,即人们必须采取行之有效的人口政策限制人口的增长。
  转折过渡句往往用在这样类型的文章,即所有事物都有正有负,正、反两方面均提出后,再寻找解决办法。
范文5          Controlling    Cancer   

  There are two main causes of cancer: heredity and environment. We can do nothing to change our heredity, that is, the basic physical characteristics that were passed on to us by our parents. However, we can do a great deal to control our environment, which may account for 80-90 %of all cancers.
  Environmental pollution can be divided into two kinds: personal and impersonal. Personal pollution may be defined roughly as unhealthy habits such as smoking, drinking, and eating the wrong foods. Clearly, with enough will power we can control this personal environment.
  Impersonal pollution, on the other hand, refers to those things which are beyond our individual control. One example would be industrial pollution, which is very hard to control because of the expense involved. It would be expensive in terms of profits and perhaps jobs. The American automobile industry, for example, resisted the law requiring smog-control devices because it feared the added expense would reduce profits. Nevertheless, some laws protecting the environment have been quite successful in reducing pollution.

<评析> 文章第一段说:癌症的起因有二,遗传和环境。第二段说环境原因又有两种,人为的和非人为的。第三段讨论非人为原因造成的环境污染,这是全篇的重点,所以笔墨最多。文章的讨论由粗到细,由大到小,最后归结到了问题最严重,也最为关键的那一点。

范文6       Equality  Between  Men  and  Women

  At present, more and more people think that men and women should enjoy equal rights. Many countries even have passed laws to guarantee such an equality between different sexes. Accordingly, there are now no longer certain jobs or certain places that are closed to women. The number of business women, female doctors, scientists and leaders is considerably increasing.
  There are three main reasons for the improvement of women's social position. First, women themselves have been persistently struggling for equality. Second, men also realize that women are not born inferior to them. Women can do a great many things as well as or even better than men. Third, social development has produced a great demand for women's participation in every field.
  In spite of these changes the liberation of women has not been completely realized. Prejudice against women is deeply rooted still in some people's mind, especially in distant rural areas. So, mankind should take further painstaking efforts to really realize equality.

<评析> 本文过渡词使用较好。文章的第二段,就是非常典型的用first, second, third为次序词从三方面进行论证的例子。

范文7 Getting to Know the World outside the Campus
1.大学生了解社会的必要性
2.了解社会的途径(大众媒介,社会服务等)。
3.我打算怎么做。

            Getting to Know the World outside the Campus
    With the rapid development of our society, the campus is no longer an "Ivory Tower". Students must get in touch with the world outside the campus so that they can adapt themselves to society more quickly when they graduate.
   Almost all students keep themselves informed by TV, radio broadcasts and newspapers. Some of them even take up a part-time job in their spare time. Working as tutors, serving in some fast-food restaurants… All these have kept students in touch with society.
   Now the summer vacation will come and I've already found myself a job-working as a typist in an office. I've learned typing for many years and I think I can do it well. It's a good chance for me to get to know society, to learn how to get along with my colleagues and to see how my knowledge is put into practise. When the next semester begins, I'll still try to get this kind of little job. Regardless of the pay, I think the most important thing is that I can really know a lot about society.

<评析> 本文采用重复使用中心词(组)的方法来达到过渡。文章虽没有使用任何过渡词,但通篇文章读起来通顺流畅,并无逻辑问题,原因在于文章运用关键词重复的手法。文章标题为“了解校园以外的社会”,所以文章的中心词定位于“了解社会”。第一段中有"get in touch with the world outside the campus",第二段末尾有"get in touch with the society",第三段中有"get to know the society",段尾又有"know a lot about the society",四次重复出现关键词点出文章的主旨所在。

范文8        Human   Beings   and   Animals

  Human beings are different from animals in many ways. One of the differences is the ability of human beings to build. It is true that many animals are builders. Birds make nests, and bees make hives. But no animal could build the pyramids or the Great Wall or the Eiffel Tower. The variety, size, and beauty of the structures built by human beings is simply unsurpassed.
  Another difference is the ability of human beings to use intelligence. Many animals are probably more clever than we realize, but no animal has the ability to write, to reason, or to speak. Only human beings can invent computers, make use of solar energy. Only human beings paint, draw, compose music, and write poetry.
  These are but a few of the differences between human beings and animals. It is our special abilities that give us power to affect the world for the benefit of all mankind. We should be thankful for those abilities and learn to use them in a more wise way.
 
<评析> 本文是利用过渡句过渡的一篇范例。这篇文章第一段第一句是全文的论点,指出人与动物在很多方面不同。第一段讨论了第一种不同,即人的建筑能力非动物所能及。第二段讲的是第二种不同,即人有智慧。第三段说人与动物的不同还有其它很多种。第一、二、三段的段首句是每段的统领,而它们之间又存在着递进的关系。

范文9
Title: Different Social Customs Between Americans and Chinese
Key words and expressions:
1) differ, if …not, misunderstanding, informal, social, impolite
2) difference, in a conversation, coat, cost, impolite, age, politics, religion, avoid
3) many other, keep…in mind, better, understand


      Different Social Customs Between Americans and Chinese

  Social customs differ in different parts of the world. If we don't realize this, misunderstanding may arise between people that behave differently. In the United States, people are very informal in social situations. For example, they call each other by their given names when two people first meet. So do the young to the old. In China, it would be regarded quite impolite to do so.
  Another difference is about what can be talked about in a conversation. A Chinese thinks nothing of being asked how much his coat cost while Americans think it impolite to ask such a question. A Chinese woman doesn't care if she is asked about her age. Politics, religions, as well as incomes are often talked about among Chinese. But in the United States these kinds of subjects are usually avoided in conversation.
  Since there are many other different social customs between Americans and Chinese, the way that we behave and what we talk about requires our attention. If we keep these in mind, we will do it better and understand each other better.

<评析>:本文以所给关键词为主线,合理填充内容。第一段从世界范围阐述社会习惯的存在,以美国作为例子,紧扣标题。第二段则进一步点出区别到处存在,年龄、政治、收入的话题常常在中国人之间谈起,而在美国,诸如此类问题最好避而不谈。第三段指出由于存在不同的社会习惯,我们在行为举止、谈话内容等方面要多加注意,这样才能促进两国人民相互之间的理解。可见结尾并不是对开头简单的重复,而是对开头的升华,把文章提高到了一个更高的层次。

范文10        To Learn English Well By Speaking More

  Many Chinese students who have learned English for more than ten years are still unable to speak English fluently when they meet a foreigner. They seem to have mastered the basic language structure, but a conversation in English will make them feel uneasy. They are afraid that other people might find out their mistakes.
  It is not uncommon that many students, who are bad speakers of English, can write English perfectly. This proves that they are not able to organize their ideas in English. The center of the problem is that they lack practice and confidence.
  Why should you be afraid? Do you fear those foreigners with whom you are speaking? Don't be shy, they will not laugh at you just for a small mistake you have made. The best way to get rid of this trouble is to learn to speak by speaking more. I am sure that constant practice will help you to succeed.

<评析>文章第一、二段分析了许多学了十多年英语的中国学生见了外国人依然不能用英语流利地对话这一现状产生的原因。文章在第三段提出解决这一问题的最好方法就是多说多练。全文切题,思路清晰,行文流畅,文字顺通,连贯性较好,基本上没有语言错误。